Carbonyl Reactions
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Periodic Table of Carbonyl Reactions

Aldehydes and Ketones

C

cyanide-cyanohydrins

alkyl lithium or alkyl magnesium (Grignard)

Wittig-alkenes

N

intermediate of making imine derivatives is called a hemiaminal, geminal amino alcohol or carbinol amine

ammonia-imines or Shiff base
primary amines-imines
hydroxylamine-oximes
hydrazine-hydrazones
secondary amines-iminiums, enamines

O

water

one equivalent of a primary alcohols

two equivalents of a primary alcohol with acid catalysis

proton (H+)

base

alcohol and acid catalysis

H

hydride

 
  S

two equivalents of a primary thiol with acid catalysis

 

 

 

 

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